The contemporary graduation of about 600 repentant Boko Haram terrorists and their planned reintegration into society by the Federal Government has again caused the controversy on the appropriateness or otherwise of that pass by the authorities. On this allotment, TUNDE AJAJA examines the implications of this for the Nigerian issue
The warmth reception the Nigerian authorities accorded repentant Boko Haram terrorists, who own over the years killed thousands of Nigerians, wreaked havoc on the Nigerian issue and fought openly to shred the sovereignty of this nation, is as soon as more a topic of necessary misfortune to many Nigerians.
This, perchance, is one self-discipline that acquired’t run away hasty, especially as their co-fighters are composed within the North-East, especially Borno Suppose, killing unarmed civilians and Nigerian soldiers alike in droves.
The carnage caused by this dreaded team is, to explain the least, terrifying, a recount pushing many Nigerians, at the side of security experts to request questions referring to the controversial pass by the authorities.
“It (the rehabilitation and planned reintegration) is a mistake and a in actuality unhappy circumstance because reality is being stood on its head,” stated Ona Ekhomu, a seasoned security educated and analyst. “The perpetrators are getting a relaxed landing; they continue to exist authorities largesse, all in some unproven claims that they own been deradicalised, which all of us know isn’t appropriate.
“When anyone commits cancel, you serve them in detention middle for lifestyles otherwise you even grasp them, but these folks which might perchance be beheading others, bombing of us and killing thousands are being given a relaxed landing. Share of the method back we own is that we don’t own our priorities pretty.”
Ekhomu, who’s the chairman of Trans-World Security Systems Ltd., added, “I entirely oppose it and contemplate it’s very inhuman of whoever the policymaker is that came up with the foundation that they desires to be rehabilitating these fighters.”
The terrorists, who on their allotment own proven no mercy on the Nigerian issue and its voters, own not fully kidnapped and violated many, at the side of young schoolgirls – turning them to intercourse slaves and suicide bombers – they own murdered many, beheaded some, executed some overtly, burnt some to ashes and modified into many young of us to orphans, other halves to widows and males to widowers.
The victims of their virulent attacks own fled for quilt in assorted formula of the nation, many are constrained to live a day at a time within the camps for internally displaced folks while some dwell not even know if their loved ones are composed alive or are merely missing owing to the attacks.
Let’s thunder, on March 23, 2020, the insurgents, about a of whom are now being welcomed help into the society they own desecrated, laid an ambush for some Nigerian soldiers and killed about 70 of them in a single fell swoop. Here’s as well to overrunning military bases and killing troops in several other attacks.
Of the torrent of attacks, the most contemporary used to be the assault on the convoy of Governor Babagana Zulum of Borno Suppose and the loads of bombings that killed six folks and left about 27 folks injured few days ago. Since the insurgency started in 2009, about 100,000 Nigerians are stated to own been killed – the number is composed rising – while about 2.3 million folks own been displaced.
Within the meantime, with all these, many folks own expressed bother that the authorities is carrying on with the stated rehabilitation of the ex-terrorists, in an operation tagged ‘Operation Safe Corridor’.
Let’s thunder, the Chairman, Senate Committee on the Military, Ali Ndume, who represents Borno South Senatorial District, in an interview with British Broadcasting Company Hausa Carrier on Wednesday, stated terrorists by no technique repent. He described the initiative as unacceptable to the of us and that authorities can even composed quit the programme forthwith.
He added, “No longer that they even apologised to you, they fully apologised to the authorities with the thinking that authorities has failed and that’s why they are being pampered. They (terrorists) are esteem Kharijites. Many among these released own since bustle away. They’d even not ever repent.”
He pointed out that judicious one of many repentant terrorists had disappeared after killing and robbing his father.
Within the meantime, talking extra on the ills of the initiative, Ekhomu, who earned the Licensed Security Officer Instructor from the US-based mostly entirely International Foundation for Security Officers, stated that the programme used to be a reflection of misplaced priorities, noting that the nation can even composed own learnt from what occurred to the unhurried chief of Islamic Suppose of Iraq and the Levant, Ibrahim al-Baghdadi.
He added, “They (the terrorists) own been a extraordinary threat to the society and as well they would possibly be able to even composed be held. The purpose is that Operation Safe Corridor is a mistake. It’s a mistake and a tainted strategy because they would possibly be able to’t guarantee the or that it would meet the protection targets.
“I serve telling them the infamous memoir of (Abu Bakr) al-Baghdadi, who used to be released in a equivalent formula by the US military in Iraq. They didn’t know for the time being they had been releasing a guy who would run on to behead many American citizens, Europeans and trigger the death of many folks.
“Even even supposing al-Baghdadi is in his grave, his palms are composed right here within the North-East of Nigeria, inflicting havoc for us.
“So, what they are doing is recycling the fighters and the soldiers would surprise why the authorities is bringing in these of us to fight them again. It’s a nation that fights a battle, not the navy and that’s why we produce other establishments. Why can’t the criminal justice machine work? You serve them in an area for six months and then you flip help and thunder they are graduating them. What graduation?”
Ekhomu described the programme as indefensible, noting that it have to own been an initiative of the Boko Haram sympathisers. “Many of the sympathisers own departed from it because they own seen the hazards on this, but we’re composed defending it,” he stated. “The opposite day, I saw one very droll and ridiculous sigh that the repentant terrorists own sworn allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; I laughed and requested if of us will most definitely be so humorous.
“You indicate a Jihadi guy swore allegiance to Nigeria, how does that work? They don’t care about you or your authorities; they don’t care about your authorities, neither dwell they own any regard for them. Here’s a in actuality tainted protection that must by no technique own been introduced in.”
“As of Friday, the battle had been on for 11 years and 4 days and right here we’re. It started on July 26, 2009 in Bauchi Suppose, is it not ample already? Killing their chief, Mohammed Yusuf, extrajudicially in July 2009 in Maiduguri is the silliest recount they (police) own ever completed.
“You by no technique homicide the head of an insurgency; you clutch him alive so that he can take a look at with his guys. We killed Yusuf but we’re confronted with Abubakar Shekau. Survey at where we’re.”
Equally, a security consultant and fellow, Institute of Security, Nigeria, Mr Chigozie Ubani, stated despite the truth that he wasn’t conscious of what informed the choice to pardon the ex-fighters, they desires to be serving assorted detention middle phrases engrossing about what they had been reported to own dedicated.
He defined that intelligence can even composed own been extracted from them to bolster the battle against insurgency. “Nonetheless I doubt, going by what we own, if that used to be completed effectively or convincingly,” he stated.
He added, “The choice to rehabilitate and reintegrate them into the society is incorrect, in my own gaze, but I wouldn’t know what informed it and I wouldn’t own suggested that that measure desires to be taken because these guys would infrequently repent.
“They had been indoctrinated and most of them would composed contemplate in no topic led them into combating the issue. So, they couldn’t own been baptised in a single day. It’s a huge threat and that’s not staunch for the nation.”
Talking on how this impacts the soldiers at the front, he stated, “Within the occasion you look for at what goes on, the soldiers are fatigued and demoralised. These of us (pardoned insurgents) own within the previous unleashed a form of mayhem on these soldiers and as well you’ll need them to gaze you rehabililtate them and reintegrate them into society. So, what had been they combating for within the first space?
“I after all own stated earlier than that it is miles inappropriate for these young males to be within the theatre of battle continuously for a period of nine months, and some of them own overstayed there. The total recount has taken its toll on the Nigerian defence machine. They want some measure of treatment to be sane again.”
Within the gaze of Prof Oni Fagboungbe, a psychologist, reintegrating the ex-terrorists into the society used to be esteem condoning absurdity, as he renowned that after of us own fought against the nation, killed many folks and are reintegrated, it can fully help as motivation to dwell worse things, sparkling they might perchance continuously approach help to derive pleasure from amnesty.
He stressed out that such rehabilitation and reintegration would be better completed when the battle used to be over.
He stated, “We’re combating insurgents, the battle is raging and every single day they are getting refined, and at the the same time, you are giving the terrorists reinforcement, motivating them to continue.
“If rehabilitation will most definitely be completed, it’s in total when the battle has ended and the enemy has been defeated; that’s if you contemplate of things esteem that. What it implies is that on this nation, our predominant decisions are influenced by ethnic concerns.
“If anyone is doing one thing immoral to the nation, and at the the same time you are motivating him, how would they quit that behaviour? They acquired’t. Primarily, it becomes a double source of motivation for them. The strategy back within the nation is that the machine pampers folks that dwell things which might perchance be not within the hobby of the nation. Within the occasion you are motivating them, they would continue with that behaviour.”
He described as inhuman the pass to carry help into the society these which own killed thousands of of us and dedicated necessary atrocities. “What the authorities is announcing invariably is that it lacks ability and the need vitality to contend with the recount,” he added.
Within the meantime, the Coordinator, OPSC, Main General Bamidele Shaffa, had stated in February that the goal of the OPSC used to be to de-radicalise, rehabilitate and reintegrate repentant Boko Haram people.
As of February, Shaffa stated for the reason that programme kicked off in 2016, 280 ex-fighters had to this point graduated and been transferred to their respective states for reintegration into the society. And at one more graduation per week ago, about 600 ex-fighters had been stated to own been rehabilitated, bringing the total to this point to about 880 graduates.
At the present graduation, where a form of them had been clad in attire with the colours of the Nigerian flag – inexperienced and white – the authorities promised them N20,000 every, gear to enact their vocations and a promise to pay the rent of their stores.
Final week, Borno Suppose Commissioner for Data, Babakura Jatau, informed Sunday PUNCH that the funds and the starter packs got to the repentant terrorists by the North East Fashion Rate, noting that fully about 10 per cent of the 601 repentant terrorists had been in actuality Boko Haram people while the leisure had been these that had been abducted and modified into accomplices.
Before the controversial granting of amnesty for these ex-terrorists, alternatively, the National Assembly in February 2020 regarded as a invoice which sought to present the repentant terrorists free foreign education, ostensibly at the expense of the stressed out Nigerians that they had tormented for years.
Allotment 5(m) of the invoice, subsidized by Senator Ibrahim Geidam of Yobe East, study in allotment, “(The company shall) enforce programmes geared in direction of the rehabilitation of beneficiaries, engage the companies and products of offshore and Nigerian establishments within the pursuit of the educational desires of ex-agitators.”
While the senator defended the invoice that attracted excessive public criticism, it is miles great of gift that there has not been this kind of sturdy bundle for the thousands of victims of the attacks. Within the a form of camps, the displaced folks, mostly malnourished, live in very harsh stipulations, while the families of some soldiers who died at the battlefield own at several times complained of neglect by the authorities.
Aside from the entitlement due to the the next of kins of the slain soldiers, the opposite halves of the fallen heroes thereafter relied on the Defence and Police Officers Other halves Affiliation, which is merely an association that largely attracts its financial energy from people’ contributions.
Within the meantime, Ndume had additionally pointed out in his interview that in preference to spending money on the worn fighters, such desires to be aged to put together the victims.
He stated, “If there might be sincerity of reason on this, these within the IDPs’ camps desires to be trained in a form of trades and vocations so that they might perchance launch lifestyles again.”
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